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Permissible Payments For Referrals Under The Federal Anti Kickback Statute

by admin on April 28, 2021 No comments

anti kickbackBy: Karen Davila

The term “payment for referral” strikes fear in the hearts of health care providers throughout the country because of the significant prohibitions under the federal Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS).  And, Florida’s Patient Brokering Act (PBA) casts an even bigger shadow over arrangements involving payment in exchange for referrals.  There are other statutory restrictions as well, which may apply depending upon the services for which a referral is being made.  Those include but are not limited to statutes prohibiting physician fee-splitting and the federal Eliminating Kickbacks in Recovery Act (EKRA) (applicable to referrals to recovery homes, clinical treatment facilities, or laboratories in an effort to stave off growing opioid-related fraud), and the potential collateral damage of a false claim under the federal False Claims Act (FCA) if any of the above statutes are violated.

So, is there any scenario where a payment may be made by a health care provider in exchange for referrals?  The answer is yes- there is a safe harbor under the AKS (42 U.S. C. §1320a-7b(b)) specifically for such arrangements.  This safe harbor is not commonly used and likely means revision to existing arrangements to come into compliance with its specific requirements.  But it may be worth considering if the referral (and payment for that referral) is not otherwise prohibited as noted above.

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