On November 10, 2011, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Humans Services (the "OIG") issued their 2012 Work Plan. The annual Work Plan is designed to give Medicare providers and supplier notice and information on areas of potential abuse that the OIG to address with particular attention. As we approach a new year, here are some areas that our clients and friends may wish to examine to avoid scrutiny by the OIG
Medical Equipment Companies
The OIG has discovered a pattern of improper enrollment among supplier of durable medical equipment, prosthetics, orthotics and supplies (DMEPOS). The OIG is looking to Medicare contractors (carriers and intermediaries) to be more scrutinizing in the enrollment of DMEPOS suppliers. The contractors will be assessed on their use of enrollment screening mechanisms and post enrollment monitoring activities to find companies that may pose fraud risks. It is, therefore, important for DMEPOS suppliers to make sure all applications for enrollment and even those for change of ownership are completed accurately and thoroughly.
Payments for High Priced Equipment
Additionally, the OIG will be undertaking a heightened review of the appropriateness of payments to DMEPOS suppliers for "high ticket" items such power mobility devices, oxygen and hospital beds. The medical equipment industry has always been the target of potential abuse. The OIG confirms this stating that there continues to be wide spread abuse of DME not ordered by physicians, not delivered or not needed. The OIG will focus on geographic areas with high volumes of "high ticket" reimbursements and review for compete records demonstrating that the services are "reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of the illness or injury." For frequently replaced supplies such as CPAP and respiratory supplies, the OIG will review compliance with the requirements that a Certificate of Medical Necessity must specify the type of supplies needed and the frequency with which they must be replaced used or consumed.
Diabetic Testing Supplies
The OIG will also review Medicare claims for diabetic testing strips and lancets (diabetic testing supplies) to identify questionable billing. Medicare has utilization guidelines for the amount of diabetic testing supplies (DTS) that beneficiaries may receive. To receive reimbursement from Medicare, suppliers must maintain documentation demonstrating that their DTS claims meet all Medicare coverage, coding, and medical necessity requirements. DTS claims with certain characteristics (e.g., DTS provided to a beneficiary at irregular intervals) may indicate improper supplier billing.
Some highlights of physician's services that are going to be under review include the following:
The OIG will be reviewing physicians’ coding practices on Medicare Part B claims for services performed in ambulatory surgical centers and hospital outpatient departments to determine whether they properly coded the places of service. The OIG will particularly pay attention to this as there is evidence of physicians coding for services at the higher non-facility rate when the services were actually performed in an ASC or outpatient setting. Medicare pays a physician higher amounts for serviced performed in a non-facility setting such as the physician's office.
"Incident-to" services will also be reviewed. This is a new initiative on the part of the OIG and therefore, should garner lots of attention. The OIG will try to determine whether payment for such
services had a higher error rate than that for non-incident-to services. We will also assess CMS’s
ability to monitor services billed as “incident-to." One of the main focuses of this review is to cut down the amount of billings for incident to services performed by non-physicians without the required direct physician supervision. The OIG has found that unqualified non-physicians performed 21 percent of the services that physicians did not perform personally. Incident-to services represent a potential abuse for the Medicare program in that they do not appear in claims data and can be identified only by reviewing the medical record.
Evaluation and Management Services ("E/M Services")
In 2009, Medicare paid $32 billion for E/M services. This represented nearly 20% of all Medicare Part B payments. With those dollars at stake, the OIG will be reviewing E/M claims to assure there is appropriate documentation to justify payment for the more intensive E/M codes. It is important to thoroughly document records to demonstrate the type, setting, and complexity of services
provided and the patient status, such as new or established. Also under review will cases of multiple E/M services for the same providers and beneficiaries to identify electronic health records (EHR) documentation practices associated with potentially improper payments. Medicare contractors have noted an increased frequency of medical records with identical documentation across services.
Payments for Services Ordered or Referred by Excluded Providers
Medicare does not allow payment to a physician or supplier for services and items provided that were prescribed or ordered by individuals or entities excluded from the Medicare program. To combat that practice, the OIG will undertake a review of the nature and extent of Medicare payments for services ordered or referred by excluded providers (those who have been barred from billing Federal health care programs) and examine CMS’s oversight mechanisms to identify and prevent payments for such services.
There are numerous other areas of concern that will be reviewed by the OIG during 2012. To assure compliance with the items describes as well as other health care laws, the Florida Healthcare Law Firm offers a comprehensive compliance audit of your organization. For more information please contact us at 561-455-7700